Most people do exercise thinking that doing this will increase their metabolism. This unclear statement is mostly true but not always true. Let us discuss that how exercise can affect your metabolism.
How can you burn the calories?
Metabolism is the process that means burning of your calories and to provide the energy to the body. The three ways in which calories are burned by the body are:
1. RMR – Resting Metabolic rate
This metabolic rate is the rate of the calories burned when your body is at rest. The body has to supply energy to your organs to help them to carry out the basic functions even when you are not doing anything. It is the energy that is burned during standing, sleeping, sitting, etc. The RMR of the body accounts for up to 75 percent of the energy that you burn every day.
2. TEF – Thermic effect of food
Your body needs more amount of energy when you are eating than when you have an empty stomach. The energy for this is provided by TEF to turn up the heat in your digestive system.
3. PAEE – Physical Activity Energy Expenditure
The PAEE is the energy that is utilized when you are moving during the day or are performing any activity. The PAEE is provided by your body when you are doing stuff like washing dishes, picking up the boxes, or are walking up or down the stairs, or you are lifting the weight.
The total amount you use in a day is the amount of energy burned by all the three of these methods.
Let us now discuss that how can exercise affect this rate?
What can affect exercise have on your metabolism?
The Physical Activity Energy Expenditure PAEE is the energy that is burned by the activities and movements of the body. If you are exercising more, you can burn more calories by this type of expenditure. However, if you want to use more calories even after exercise, then you have to deal with resting metabolic rate, RMR via exercise.
By doing the activities like lifting weights, running, jogging, walking or are using your muscles. So the body uses the glucose that is stored in those muscles. As energy is needed to use the glucose from the muscles, by exercising you are burning more calories stored in the muscles as glucose.
In endurance training exercises or cardio, the glucose in muscles is used very little instead fatty acids are burned. Which means that body does not require the glucose as there is no need to refuel after the workout. So your RMR is not raised by the low intensity and steady state exercises.
While exercises like lifting weights that are high intensity use all of the glucose that is stored in the muscles. So the body needs to send more energy to the muscles, and it takes longer time. So the RMR of the body is increased.
So, this means that those who want their RMR to get increase should do the exercises that consume the glucose from the muscles which imply that they should opt for strength-training or high-intensity workouts. By this, your metabolism will increase for a longer time.